艾青 (1910 - 1996)

浙江金華人。原名蔣海澄,筆名莪伽、克阿、林壁等。1928年,就讀於杭州西湖藝術學院,次年留學法國。1932年,參加中國左翼美術家聯盟,從事革命文藝活動,不久被當局逮捕,在獄中,開始寫詩,以《大堰河—我的保姆》一詩成名。1935年出獄,翌年,出版處女詩集《大堰河》,表現詩人熱愛祖國的深厚感情。抗日戰爭爆發後,投入抗日救亡工作。1941年到延安,主編《詩刊》。1949年後,曾任《人民文學》副主編職。1957年被錯劃為右派,遭下放到黑龍江、新疆等地勞改,輟作20年。1979年獲平反,後任中國作家協會副主席、國際筆會中國中心副會長等職,並出訪歐美亞不少國家。創作除上文提到的《大堰河》外,尚有《北方》、《向太陽》、《歸來的歌》等詩集,詩歌論文集則有《詩論》、《艾青談詩》等。


Ai Qing (1910 - 1996)

Born in Jinhua, Zhejiang province. Originally named Jiang Haicheng; pseudonyms include E Jia, Ke A, and Lin Bi. He studied at West Lake Art College in Hangzhou in 1928, and went on to France on a work-study programme in the year after. In 1932, he joined the Union of Chinese Left-Wing Artists and engaged in revolutionary literary and art activities. He was soon arrested by the authorities. He started writing poetry during his stay in the prison, and became well-known with the publishing of the poem “Ode to Dayanhe – My Wet Nurse”. He was set free in 1935. In 1936, he published his first collection of poems under the title Dayanhe – My Wet Nurse, in which he gave full expression to a poet’s deep love for his motherland. After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, he entered the Anti-Japanese and National Salvation Movement. In 1941, he left for Yan’an to take up the post as editor-in-chief of Poetry Magazine. After 1949, he worked as the associate editor for People’s Literature. In 1957, he was wrongly denounced as a rightist and was sent down for reformation in labour camps in regions around Heilongjiang and Xinjiang provinces. He remained silent for two decades. In 1979, he was fully reinstated. In the years that followed he worked in a number of capacities including the vice-chairman of the Chinese Writers’ Association and the vice-president of the China PEN Centre, and made visits to many countries across the Asian, American and European continents. Apart from Dayanhe – My Wet Nurse, he published poetry collections including The North, Facing the Sun and Songs of Return, and a collection of critical essays on poetry, including On Poetry and Ai Qing on Poetry.

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