梁實秋 (1901 - 1987)
Liang Shiqiu (1901 - 1987)
Originally named Liang Zhihua, also known as Liang Shiqiu; with Qiu Lang and Zi Jie as pseudonyms. Ancestral home in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province; born in Beijing. In the autumn of 1915, Liang Shiqiu was admitted to the Tsinghua Preparatory School for Study in America, and started writing in his senior years of studies. His first English-Chinese translation, a piece of fiction called The Pharmacist’s Wife, was published in September, 1920, in the 6th issue of the supplement to Tsinghua Weekly. His first piece of narrative poetry was published on May 28, 1921, on page seven of the Beijing Morning Post. Upon graduation in 1923, he went studying in the United States. In 1926, he returned to China to teach at the Southeast China University in Nanjing. Shortly afterwards he took up a professorship at Ji’nan University.
In his earlier years, Liang was a devout supporter of Romanticism, and published a good number of poems in that tradition. In 1930, he became head of the Department of Foreign Languages as well as university librarian of Qingdao University. In 1934 he was employed as a research professor of the Department of English at Peking University, serving concurrently as department head. After the July 7th incident of 1937, he left home alone and travelled to the rear area. After the War of Resistance against Japan, he went back to Beijing to teach English at Beijing Normal University. In 1949, Liang left for Taiwan, where he worked in Taipei Normal College (now university), serving as professor at the Department of English and later concurrently as department head and finally concurrently as dean of the School of Arts. He retired in 1966.
Past the age of 40, Liang focused the better part of his attention on writing essays and translating. He started translating the works of William Shakespeare in the 1930s; after continuous work spanning over 40 years, he completed the translation of Shakespeare’s complete works in the 1970s. His essays and writings are catalogued into 17 categories, including Yashe Reminiscences: Old Friends and On Prejudice.