聞一多 (1899 - 1946)

原名聞家驊,號友三,生於湖北浠水。自幼愛好古典詩詞和美術。1912年考入北京清華學校。1920年4月,發表處女作散文《旅客式的學生》。同年9月,發表第一首新詩《西岸》。1921年 11月與梁實秋等人發起成立清華文學社。1922年7月赴美留學。1923年9月出版第一本新詩集《紅燭》。1925年5月回國,任北京藝術專科學校教務長。1926年參與創辦《晨報詩鐫》,發表了著名論文《詩的格律》。1928年1月出版第二本詩集《死水》。1928年秋任國立武漢大學文學院院長兼中文系主任,致力研究中國古典文學。

抗日戰爭爆發後,隨校南遷,同學生一起從長沙步行到昆明,此後在西南聯大任教8年,積極投身抗日運動和反獨裁、爭民主的鬥爭。抗戰勝利後出任民盟中央執委,經常參加進步的集會和遊行。1946年7月15日在悼念李公樸先生大會上,憤怒斥責國民黨暗殺李公樸的罪行,當天下午被國民黨特務殺害。


Wen Yiduo (1899 - 1946)

Originally named Wen Jiahua, also known as Wen Yousan; born in Xishui, Hubei province. Wen Yiduo grew up with a keen interest in classical poetry, lyrical poetry and fine art. In 1912, he was admitted into Tsinghua College in Beijing. In April 1920, he published his maiden work, an essay titled A Traveller Student. In September of the same year, he published his first poem West Bank. In November 1921, he co-founded the Tsinghua Literary Society with Liang Shiqiu and other associates. In July 1922, he went to the United States to pursue his studies. In September 1923, he published his first collection of new poems under the title Red Candle. In May 1925, he returned to China and assumed the post of the academic registrar of Beijing Art School. In 1926, he assisted in the launch of the supplement Poetry in Beijing Morning Post, in which he published the famous article Form and Rhyme of Poetry. In January 1928, he published his second collection of poems, Dead Water. In autumn of the same year he took up the post as dean of the School of Arts at Wuhan University and, concurrently, head of its Department of Chinese. He turned his attention to the studies of classical Chinese literature.

After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, he migrated to the south with his school, walking together with his students from Changsha to Kunming, where he spent the following eight years teaching at the Southwest Associated University. He was an active participant in the Anti-Japanese Movement as well as the struggle to overthrow totalitarian rule and strive for democracy. After the triumph of the war, he became a member of the central executive committee of the China Democratic League, appearing frequently in progressive gatherings and demonstrations. At a meeting held in memory of Mr. Li Gongpu on July 15, 1946, he publicly condemned the Kuomintang for assassinating Li. In the afternoon of the same day, he too fell victim to assassination by the secret agents of Kuomintang.

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