老舍 (1899 - 1966)

原名舒慶春,字舍予,北京人。1913年考入師範學校。畢業後,曾先後任北京第十七小學校長、天津市南開中學語文教員等。1924年赴英國,任倫敦大學東方學院中文講師,同時進行文學創作,先後發表了《老張的哲學》、《趙子曰》、《二馬》。1930年回國後先後在齊魯大學、山東大學任教,並創作《貓城記》、《離婚》、《駱駝祥子》等著名長篇小說。抗戰爆發後,開始寫作劇本,主要作品有《國家至上》(與宋之的合作)、《面子問題》、《桃李春風》(與趙清閣合作)、《張自忠》、《大地龍蛇》、《誰先到重慶》及《歸去來兮》等。1944年開始創作以淪陷的北平爲題材的長篇巨著《四世同堂》。1951年北京市人民政府授予他「人民藝術家」的稱號。他的另外劇作有《方珍珠》、《龍鬚溝》、《神拳》等。「文革」時,受到迫害,1966年投湖自盡。出版有16卷《老舍文集》。


Lao She (1899 - 1966)

Originally named Shu Qingchun, also known as Shu Sheyu; born in Beijing. Lao She entered Beijing Normal School in 1913. After graduation, he worked successively as principal of the No. 17 Beijing Primary School and a language teacher at Tianjin Nankai Secondary School. In 1924, he went to England and taught Chinese at the School of Oriental and Asian Studies, University of London, where he also started writing novels, publishing in succession Philosophy of Lao Zhang, Master Zhao Says, and Ma and Son. After his return to China in 1930, he taught successively at Qilu and Shandong Universities, and in the same period he wrote famous novels including The City of Cats, Divorce, and Camel Xiangzi. After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japan, he started writing stage plays, producing major works including The Nation is Our Priority (co-authored with Song Zhide), A Matter of “Face”, The Spring Winds of Peach and Plum (co-authored with Zhao Qingge), Zhang Zizhong, Snakes and Dragons of the Great Earth, Who is the First to Arrive at Chongqing, and Homeward Bound. From 1944 Lao started writing a play of epical proportions, using Beijing as its background, titled Four Generations under One Roof. In 1951 he was granted the title of “People’s Artist” by the Beijing Municipal Government. Other plays written by him include Miss Pearl Fang, Dragon Beard Ditch, A Wonderful Boxer, and others. During the Cultural Revolution he came under persecution, and in 1966 he committed suicide by jumping into a lake. His complete works are published in the collection Lao She and His works in 16 volumes.

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