葉聖陶 (1894 - 1988)
Ye Shengtao (1894 - 1988)
Educator, publisher and social activist. Originally named Ye Shaojun, also known as Ye Bingchen, later changing to Ye Shengtao. Pseudonyms include Chen Tao, Gui Shan, Ying, and Ying Shan. Born in Suzhou, Jiangsu province.
Ye Shengtao was admitted into Cao Qiao Secondary School in 1907. Upon graduation he worked as a primary school teacher and started writing literature. In 1915, he went to Shanghai and taught Chinese at Shanggong School, a subsidiary to Shanghai Commercial Press, working concurrently as a compiler of primary school Chinese textbooks for the Commercial Press. In 1918, he published his maiden piece of vernacular fiction Random Talks at a Spring Dinner Party. In 1919, Ye joined the New Tide Society, a club started by a group of Peking University students, and started publishing fiction and essays on its publication New Tide. In 1921, he started the Literary Research Society along with Zheng Zhenduo and Mao Dun. In 1922, he published his first collection of short fiction, Misunderstanding. In 1923, he published a collection of fairytales Scarecrow, the first of its kind in the history of China. In 1928, he wrote his brilliant novel Schoolmaster Ni Huanzhi. From 1923 to 1930, he worked as an editor at the Shanghai Commercial Press. From May 1927 he started editing Short Story Monthly. In mid 1930, he transferred to Kaiming Book Company where he again worked as editor. During the War of Resistance against Japan, Ye moved with his whole family inland, and worked as professor at the Department of Chinese at Wuhan University in Leshan. In 1946, he returned to Shanghai to resume his editorship at Kaiming Book Company. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he served successive posts, as director of the Central Institute for Culture and History, and the central vice-president, president and honorary president of China Association for Promoting Democracy.