葉聖陶 (1894 - 1988)

教育家、出版家和社會活動家。名紹鈞,字秉臣,後改字聖陶。筆名諶陶、桂山、郢、郢山等。江蘇蘇州人。

1907年考入草橋中學,畢業後任小學教員並開始寫作文學作品。1915年到上海商務印書館附設的尚公學校教國文,並爲商務印書館編小學國文課本。1918年在《婦女雜誌》上發表了他的白話小說處女作《春宴瑣譚》。1919年參加北京大學學生組織的新潮社,並在《新潮》上發表小說和論文。1921年與鄭振鐸、茅盾等人組織發起「文學研究會」。1922年出版第一本短篇小說集《隔膜》。1923年出版的《稻草人》是我國第一部童話集。1928年創作了優秀長篇小說《倪煥之》。1923至1930年間,在上海商務印書館當編輯。1927年5月開始主編《小說月報》。1930中轉到開明書店當編輯。抗日戰爭期間舉家內遷,曾在樂山任武漢大學中文系教授。1946年返回上海繼續主持開明書店編輯工作。新中國成立後,先後任中央文史研究館館長、中國民主促進會中央副主席、主席及名譽主席等職。


Ye Shengtao (1894 - 1988)

Educator, publisher and social activist. Originally named Ye Shaojun, also known as Ye Bingchen, later changing to Ye Shengtao. Pseudonyms include Chen Tao, Gui Shan, Ying, and Ying Shan. Born in Suzhou, Jiangsu province.

Ye Shengtao was admitted into Cao Qiao Secondary School in 1907. Upon graduation he worked as a primary school teacher and started writing literature. In 1915, he went to Shanghai and taught Chinese at Shanggong School, a subsidiary to Shanghai Commercial Press, working concurrently as a compiler of primary school Chinese textbooks for the Commercial Press. In 1918, he published his maiden piece of vernacular fiction Random Talks at a Spring Dinner Party. In 1919, Ye joined the New Tide Society, a club started by a group of Peking University students, and started publishing fiction and essays on its publication New Tide. In 1921, he started the Literary Research Society along with Zheng Zhenduo and Mao Dun. In 1922, he published his first collection of short fiction, Misunderstanding. In 1923, he published a collection of fairytales Scarecrow, the first of its kind in the history of China. In 1928, he wrote his brilliant novel Schoolmaster Ni Huanzhi. From 1923 to 1930, he worked as an editor at the Shanghai Commercial Press. From May 1927 he started editing Short Story Monthly. In mid 1930, he transferred to Kaiming Book Company where he again worked as editor. During the War of Resistance against Japan, Ye moved with his whole family inland, and worked as professor at the Department of Chinese at Wuhan University in Leshan. In 1946, he returned to Shanghai to resume his editorship at Kaiming Book Company. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he served successive posts, as director of the Central Institute for Culture and History, and the central vice-president, president and honorary president of China Association for Promoting Democracy.

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