林語堂 (1895 - 1976)

福建龍溪人。原名和樂,後改為玉堂,再改為語堂。1912年入上海聖約翰大學,畢業後在清華大學任教。1919年秋赴美入讀哈佛大學文學系。1922年獲頒文學碩士學位,同年赴德國萊比錫大學,攻語言學。1923年獲博士學位後回國,任北京大學教授、北京女子師範大學教務長和英文系主任。1924年後為《語絲》主要撰稿人之一。1926年到廈門大學任文學院院長。1927年任外交部秘書。1932年主編《論語》半月刊。1934年創辦《人間世》,1935年創辦《宇宙風》,提倡「以自我爲中心,以閒適爲格調」的小品文。

1935年後,在美國用英文寫《吾國與吾民》、《京華煙雲》、《風聲鶴唳》等介紹中國文化的著作和長篇小說。1944年曾一度回國到重慶講學。1952年在美國與人創辦《天風》雜誌。1954年赴新加坡籌建南洋大學並任校長。1966年定居台灣。1967年受聘爲香港中文大學研究教授。1975年被推舉爲國際筆會副會長。1976年在香港逝世。


Lin Yutang (1895 - 1976)

Born in Longxi, Fujian province; originally named Lin Hele, later renamed a few times and finally settled with Lin Yutang. In 1912, Lin Yutang was admitted into St. John’s University in Shanghai. Upon graduation, he took up a teaching post in Tsinghua University. In 1919, he went to the United States and studied at the Department of Literature in Harvard University. In 1922, he was awarded an M.A. degree, and in the same year he went to Leipzig University in Germany and studied linguistics. After obtaining a doctorate degree in 1923, he returned to China, where he took up positions including professor at Peking University, and academic registrar and head of Department of English at Beijing Women’s Normal University. In 1924, he became one of the major writers of Tatler Weekly. In 1926, he became dean of School of Arts in Xiamen University. In 1927, he served as secretary for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1932, he became editor-in-chief of Analects, a biweekly journal. In 1934 Lin launched the periodical Human World, and in 1935 Cosmic Wind, with the aim of promoting the writing of informal essays on self-centred themes and in a leisurely style.

After 1935, Lin went to the United States and wrote a series of novels and books introducing Chinese culture, including My Country and My People, Moment in Peking, and Between Tears and Laughter. On one occasion in 1944, he returned to China to give lectures in Chongqing. In 1952, Lin and his associates launched the magazine Tian Feng in the United States. In 1954, he went to Singapore to make preparations for the setting up of Nanyang University, later becoming its president. In 1966, he settled in Taiwan. In 1967, he was hired as the research professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. In 1975, he was elected vice-president of International PEN. He passed away in Hong Kong in 1976.

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