茅盾 (1896 - 1981)
Mao Dun (1896 - 1981)
Originally named Shen Dehong, also known as Shen Yanbing; born in Tongxiang, Zhejiang province. In 1920, Mao Dun initiated the Literary Research Society along with Zheng Zhenduo, Ye Shengtao and others. In the following year, he became the editor-in-chief of Short Story Monthly. In 1926, he edited National Daily. In 1927, he wrote the novelettes Disillusion and Vacillation. In 1930, he returned to Shanghai from Japan to participate in the China League of Left-Wing Writers, and wrote novelettes including Midnight, Spring Silkworms and others. At the same time he also co-founded the magazine Translation with Lu Xun.
During the War of Resistance against Japan, Mao was elected council member of the All-China Federation of Writers and Artists for Resistance against the Enemy, and edited the periodical Literature and Art Front. He successively edited publications in Hong Kong, Chongqing, and others regions in China. Within this period he also published the novel Putrefaction. After the triumph of the war, Mao again returned to Hong Kong. In the autumn of 1948, he travelled to the Northeast Liberation Area via Hong Kong. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Mao became a long-standing leadership figure in cultural and academic bodies, taking up consecutive terms as vice chairman of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, chairman of the All-China Association of Literary Workers, Minister of Culture, and vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Political Consultative Conference. He died of illness on March 27, 1981 at the age of 85.