茅盾 (1896 - 1981)

原名沈德鴻,字雁冰。浙江桐鄉人。1920年與鄭振鐸、葉聖陶等組織「文學研究會」。翌年任《小說月報》主編。1926年任《民國日報》主編。1927年以茅盾為筆名,發表了《幻滅》及《動搖》。1930年自日本回上海參加「左聯」,創作了《子夜》及《春蠶》等小說,並與魯迅發起創辦《譯文》雜誌。

抗戰期間,他被選為中華全國文藝界抗敵協會理事,主編《文藝陣地》。先後於香港、重慶等地主編刊物。其間發表了長篇小說《腐蝕》。抗戰勝利後,再度赴港。1948年杪,由香港重回東北解放區。新中國成立後,曾長期從事文化和學術組織的領導工作,歷任文藝聯合會副主席、作家協會主席、文化部部長和全國政協副主席等。1981年3月27日因病逝世,享年85歲。


Mao Dun (1896 - 1981)

Originally named Shen Dehong, also known as Shen Yanbing; born in Tongxiang, Zhejiang province. In 1920, Mao Dun initiated the Literary Research Society along with Zheng Zhenduo, Ye Shengtao and others. In the following year, he became the editor-in-chief of Short Story Monthly. In 1926, he edited National Daily. In 1927, he wrote the novelettes Disillusion and Vacillation. In 1930, he returned to Shanghai from Japan to participate in the China League of Left-Wing Writers, and wrote novelettes including Midnight, Spring Silkworms and others. At the same time he also co-founded the magazine Translation with Lu Xun.

During the War of Resistance against Japan, Mao was elected council member of the All-China Federation of Writers and Artists for Resistance against the Enemy, and edited the periodical Literature and Art Front. He successively edited publications in Hong Kong, Chongqing, and others regions in China. Within this period he also published the novel Putrefaction. After the triumph of the war, Mao again returned to Hong Kong. In the autumn of 1948, he travelled to the Northeast Liberation Area via Hong Kong. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Mao became a long-standing leadership figure in cultural and academic bodies, taking up consecutive terms as vice chairman of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, chairman of the All-China Association of Literary Workers, Minister of Culture, and vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Political Consultative Conference. He died of illness on March 27, 1981 at the age of 85.

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