徐志摩 (1897 - 1931)

現代著名詩人和散文家。名章垿,筆名南湖、雲中鶴等。浙江海寧人。1915年畢業於杭州一中,先後就讀於上海滬江大學、天津北洋大學和北京大學。1918年赴美國學習銀行學。1921年赴英國留學,入倫敦劍橋大學當特別生,研究政治經濟學。在劍橋兩年深受西方教育的薰陶及歐美浪漫主義和唯美派詩人的影響。

1922年返國後在報刊上發表大量詩文。1923年參與成立新月社,並加入文學研究會。1924年與胡適、陳西瀅等創辦《現代評論》周刊。同年任北京大學教授。1926年在北京主編《晨報》副刊《詩鐫》,與聞一多、朱湘等人開展新詩格律化運動。1927年參與創辦新月書店。翌年《新月》月刊創刊後,任主編,後出國遊歷英、美、日、印諸國。1931年初,與陳夢家、方瑋德創辦《詩刊》季刊,被推選為筆會中國分會理事。同年11月19日,由南京乘飛機到北平,飛機遇霧在濟南附近觸山,徐氏墜機身亡。


Xu Zhimo (1897 - 1931)

Famous modern poet and essayist. Originally named Xu Zhangxu; pseudonyms include Nan Hu, and Yun Zhonghe. Born in Haining, Zhejiang province. After graduation from a high school in Hangzhou in 1915, Xu Zhimo studied in succession at Shanghai University, Beiyang University in Tianjin, and Peking University. In 1918, he went to the United States to study banking. In 1921, he went to England, studying political economy at University of Cambridge in London as a special student. During his two years of stay there, Xu came under the heavy influence of western modes of education, Anglo-American romanticism and the poetry of aesthetic idealism.

After his return to China in 1922, Xu published a large number of poetry and essays on newspapers and magazines. In 1923, he helped in founding the Crescent Society, and joined in the Literary Research Society. In 1924, he launched the weekly Modern Criticism with Hu Shi and Chen Xiying. In the same year, he took up a professorship in Peking University. In 1926, he worked as the editor-in-chief of the Poetics, a literary supplement to Beijing Morning Post. He advocated for the metrical movement for new poetry with Wen Yiduo and Zhu Xiang. In 1927, he launched the Crescent Book Store. After the founding of Crescent Monthly in the following year, he assumed the post of the magazine’s editor-in-chief. Later he went travelling in countries including the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan and India. In early 1931, he launched the quarterly Poetry magazine together with Chen Mengjia and Fang Weide. He was elected executive director of the China PEN. On November 19, Xu was on a plane from Nanjing to Beijing when it crashed into the mountains near Ji’nan. Xu was killed in the accident.

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