魯迅 (1881 - 1936)

原名周樹人,字豫才,浙江紹興人,是五四新文化運動以來最重要的文學家之一。魯迅曾留學日本讀醫,因感到以文藝醫治民族精神更急於醫治肉體,因此棄醫從文。

辛亥革命後,魯迅曾任南京臨時政府和北京政府教育部部員,並先後任教於北京大學、女子師範大學等。1918年首次用魯迅作筆名,發表中國現代文學史上第一篇白話小說《狂人日記》,奠定了新文學運動的基礎。後來更參加《新青年》雜誌的編輯工作,成為五四新文化運動的主將。1921年發表的中篇小說《阿Q正傳》,為不朽的傑作。1936年10月19日因肺結核病逝於上海,享年55歲。


Lu Xun (1881 - 1936)

Originally named Zhou Shuren, also known as Zhou Yucai; born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang province. Lu Xun was one of the most prominent literary figures since the May-Fourth Movement. Lu went to Japan to study medicine, but since he had a profound feeling that treating the psyche of the people was a task of greater urgency than healing their bodies, he gave up medicine for writing.

After the Revolution of 1911, Lu Xun worked with the Ministry of Education of the Provisional Government at Nanjing and, later, of the Beijing Government. He also taught successively at Peking University, Women’s Normal University and other institutions. In 1918, he first used the pen name Lu Xun to publish the first piece of vernacular fiction in the modern literary history of China, A Madman’s Diary. It was to serve as the foundation for the New Literature Movement that ensued. Later he participated in the editorial work of the magazine New Youth, becoming one of the leaders in the vanguard of the May-Fourth New Culture Movement. His novella, The True Story of Ah Q, published in 1921, is indisputably one of the finest pieces of literature of all time. On October 19, 1936, he died of tuberculosis in Shanghai at the age of 55.

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