錢鍾書 (1910 - 1998)

字默存,號槐聚,筆名中書君。江蘇無錫人。他是國學大家錢基博的長子。錢鍾書1933年於清華大學外國語文系畢業後,在上海光華大學任教。1935年與楊絳結婚,同赴英國留學。1937年畢業於英國牛津大學,獲副博士學位。又赴法國巴黎大學進修法國文學。1938年秋歸國,先後任昆明西南聯大外文系教授、湖南藍田國立師範學院英文系主任。

1941年回家探親時,因日軍侵華,城市淪陷而羈居上海,寫了長篇小說《圍城》和短篇小說集《人‧獸‧鬼》。《圍城》現已有英、法、德、俄、日、西語等譯本。錢氏散文大都收入《寫在人生邊上》一書。其時,他在上海暨南大學執教。

1953年後,在北京大學文學研究所任研究員。所著《管錐編》,從中西文化和文學比較觀點,闡發、辨析中國著名的經史子集,材料豐富,名重學林。


Qian Zhongshu (1910 - 1998)

Also known as Qian Mocun and Qian Huaiju; pen name Zhongshujun. Born in Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Qian Zhongshu was the first-born son of Qian Jibo, a prominent scholar on ancient Chinese civilization. Upon graduation from the Department of Foreign Languages and Literature of Tsinghua University in 1933, Qian took up a teaching post at Guanghua University in Shanghai. He married Yang Jiang in 1935, and the couple went to England for studies. In 1937, he graduated from Oxford University in England with a Master of Arts degree. He then went to Paris where he studied French literature at Sorbonne. He returned to China in the autumn of 1938, and worked as a professor at the Southwest Associated University in Kunming then head of the Department of English at the National Normal College in Lantian, Hunan province.

While on home leave in 1941, Qian was stranded in Shanghai when the city was taken over by Japanese forces. He wrote the novel Fortress Besieged and a collection of short fiction called Men, Beasts, and Ghosts. The novel Fortress Besieged has been translated into numerous languages including English, French, German, Russian, Japanese and Spanish. His essays are mostly published in the collection Marginalia of Life. During that period, he taught at the Ji'nan University in Shanghai.

He worked as a research fellow at the Research Institute for Literature affiliated with Peking University after 1953. His monograph, entitled A Comparative Philological Survey of Chinese Classics, attempts to expound on the prominent historical and canonical works of imperial China from the viewpoints of East-West studies and comparative literature. It is a work rich in material and is widely acknowledged within the academia.

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